Children And Construction Most construction sites are like oil and water for children; they don’t mix. Conversely, like iron and a magnet, children are attracted to any type of construction. Children like to explore. Guide for Discussion Some general observations: Children don’t recognize hazards as well as those who work on site. Locked equipment may still be a hazard. All excavations are potential forts or swimming pools. Scaffolds become gym sets. Discouraging children: Don’t allow children on site during the day. Erect a site fence. Mark excavations with signs or guard or both. (Remember: Fall protection rules.) Group and lock up equipment at night. ...

Material Handling Proper material handling is part of the successful working of any job. Material handling is also potentially dangerous to those moving the materials from the delivery vehicle to its storage place. Guide for Discussion Material Storage Ensure that floors can handle the storage Keep materials six feet away from open floors or landings; ten feet away from the exterior of the Keep all aisles and passageways Do not store non-compatible materials t For example, gas containers and bulk lumber do not mix. Proper Lifting Techniques Know your individual lifting Know the capacity of the load to be Avoid over-extending or twisting your ...

Material Storage Proper material storage is a vital part to every construction site and to good site housekeeping. This is especially true with finish hardware since it can take so long to receive the materials from the supplier after the order is placed. It also makes good sense, since materials have to be stacked and placed properly, to do it so you can access the materials easily and safely. Guide for Discussion Poorly stacked materials are dangerous to anyone around the jobsite. Keep aisles and passageways clear; never store materials in such a way as to block either. Never store materials within...

The Spotter With the high level of material delivery on a construction project and with delivery trucks generally required to back on the site, it becomes very important for the safety of workers and the project to provide spotters. Today we will review what the spotter should be doing and looking out for. Guide for Discussion A spotter should always be used any time a vehicle with restricted view is on-site. A spotter should always: Look out for themselves. Look out for others. Make sure the delivery vehicle is not damaged. Make sure the project and project materials are not damaged. Give clear...

Short Cuts Question: (Yes/No answer) Nearly everyone we know uses short cuts to get the job done? Answer: Generally yes. However, there are some reasons not to use short cuts. As we all know, a project is completed by use of certain construction methods. Short cuts usually modify methods and as a result, decrease the safety built into proven methods. Guide for Discussion What are some ideas to keep in mind when doing short cuts? Everyone uses short cuts They can be dangerous Sometimes they are deadly Our company is willing to take the time necessary to do a job properly Heights increase...

Protecting the Public One social critic pointed out that in the late 1990’s the United States has four percent of the world population, and half the world’s attorney’s. In today’s legalistic society with the laws of civil liability and negligence being what they are, all construction companies need to take seriously steps to protect the public. It doesn’t really accomplish anything if we protect the public after an accident; their lawyer will have a field day in court at a cost to us and the future of our company. Guide for Discussion Efforts to protect the jobsite should be directed toward the...

Respirators Instructor Note: Prior to making a safety presentation, obtain and review your company respirator protection program. Our company has developed a separate respirator protection program. It is an important program because of the exposures we face in the workplace. We want to protect your body and lungs. Guide for Discussion Generally: No respiratory program is required when filtering-facepiece respirators are the only respirator used and they are used voluntarily. Respirators will be worn when the employee is exposed to hazards such as fumes, gases, mists, vapors and sprays Fit testing shall occur prior to allowing an employee to wear the Employees should...

Electric Power Tools Electric power tools come in all shapes and sizes and are designed to do almost anything. However, there are some things that they all have in common, rules for safe and proper use. Guide for Discussion The following rules should be remembered when discussing the use of electrical power tools: Select the right tool. Know how to use it. Be sure it is properly grounded or double insulated (i.e., a plastic body and two pronged plug). Inspect for the following: Broken or defective cords Defective terminal connections Defective plugs Defective or loose switches Brushes that spark excessively Never use a...

Care For The Injured The following points should be covered on how to care for the injured after a careful review of your Emergency Response Plan. Guide for Discussion Determine the seriousness of the injury: If Serious: Contact Emergency Response Team(s). Do not move the injured person. Get First Aid trained personnel assistance; ask them to help. Keep the injured person from standing. In case of bleeding—apply pressure to the wound. Do not use a tourniquet except in cases of excessive bleeding. If the injured person has stopped breathing, get someone who has been trained in CPR o help restore the breathing. Try to...

Knee Pads Construction workers (and especially roofers) are prone to have knee problems. We bend our knees almost as much as we bend our backs and then at the end of the day, complain about our aching bodies. Just as we must be careful in lifting, we must be careful in bending. To assist in saving our bodies, think about using kneepads as an important part of personal protection equipment. Guide for Discussion Do we have exposure to knee injuries? Is there a way to “engineer out” the constant knee bending situations on this job? What are appropriate times and places to wear...