Every California employer is required by law to provide a CAL OSHA IIPP. It must be a safe and healthful workplace for his/her employees.  In accordance with the Code of Regulations, employers need to have an effective IIPP (Injury and Illness Prevention Program) in writing.  There is a specific IIPP required for the construction industry, the Construction IIPP.


A CAL OSHA IIPP must be written and include the following:

  • Management commitment/assignment of responsibilities
  • Safety communications system with employees
  • System for assuring employee compliance with safe work practices
  • Scheduled inspections/evaluation system
  • Accident investigation
  • Procedures for correcting unsafe/unhealthy conditions
  • Safety and health training and instruction
  • Recordkeeping and documentation


The IIPP includes procedures that your employer puts into practice.  Part of the employer’s responsibility is to control potential workplace hazards and correct hazardous conditions or practices as they occur or are recognized.

The program includes a system for your employer to communicate with you on matters relating to occupational safety and health, including provisions designed to encourage employees to inform the employer of hazards at the worksite without fear of reprisal.


The safety communications system, one of the elements of the IIPP, should be in a form readily understandable by all affected employees.  The safety communication system may include, but not limited to:

  • Meetings,
  • Training programs,
  • Postings,
  • Written communications,
  • A system for anonymous notification by employees about hazards,
  • Labor/management safety and health committees, and
  • Other means of ensuring communication with employees.

If your employer has ten or more employees, you should expect them to have a written IIPP in place.  You should never undertake a job that appears to be unsafe, and you should not perform a job until you have received instructions on how to do it properly and safely.  The goal of the IIPP is to ensure that worker safety and health are not compromised.


Maximizing Your IIPP

An IIPP is only as good as its implementation. It can mean the difference between life and death for your employees. A great IIPP sets the tone and expectations for the safety culture and behaviors in a company. If your IIPP is a dusty template in a binder and not a living, breathing guide, your employees cannot make changes to maximize its effectiveness.

How often should your IIPP be audited?

The IIPP should be audited annually to reflect the status of the company: An annual audit ensures that the

  • Employees
  • Work tasks
  • Equipment and materials in use

Make sure the following items are up to date

  • The safety committee members.
  • The resources and contacts.
  • The responsibilities assigned to each employee.
  • All company locations and operations.
  • Safety documents for: communications, trainings, hazard identification, and corrective actions.