Machine Guarding Safety Program


Machine Guarding Safety Program

Table of Contents

  1. Guidelines for machine safeguarding
  2. Types and points of hazardous machine operations
  3. Safeguarding requirements
  4. Types of machine safeguards
  5. Common elements for safeguarding all machines
  6. Involving the employee
  7. Conducting the job hazard analysis
  8. Breaking down the job
  9. Identifying hazards
  10. Recommending safe procedures and protection
  11. Revising the job hazard analysis
  12. Cooperation and assistance
  13. Training
  14. Standards that are common
  15. Specific requirements for woodworking machines
  16. Overview
  17. Standards
  18. Specific requirements for metal working machines
  19. Standards
  20. Methods of machine safeguarding
  21. Devices
  22. Safeguarding by location/distance

Machine Guarding Safety Program

Chapter Section


OSHA requires that machine guarding be provided and maintained in a manner sufficient to protect machine operators and other persons present in machine areas from hazards associated with the operation of machines. Such hazards include those created by points of operation, in-running nip points, rotating parts, flying chips and sparks. The following information is provided to assist machine operators and machine shop supervisors and managers in carrying out their responsibilities for assuring machine safety through hazard identification and evaluation, safeguarding, and safe operation.

Safeguarding Requirements

Machine safeguards should be installed and maintained to ensure that they:

  • Prevent Contact

Safeguards must minimize the possibility of the operator or another worker placing their hands into hazardous moving parts.

  • Remain Secure

Workers should not be able to easily remove or tamper with the safeguard.

  • Protect From Falling Objects

Safeguards should ensure that no objects can fall into moving parts.

  • Create No New Hazards

A safeguard defeats its purpose if it creates a hazard of its own.

  • Create no interference

A safeguard should not create an unacceptable impediment for the worker.

  • Allow Safe Maintenance And Lubrication

It should be possible to lubricate the machine without removing the safeguard.